What is meant by crude drugs?

Crude drugs is a generic term used to classify all botanical drugs as whole plant parts, whether used raw, processed, or made into tablets, tinctures, or extracts, as also herbs, fungi, pollen, insect parts, and animal parts. There are about 16,000 different crude drugs used today.

What is cultivation in pharmacognosy?

Cultivation. Cultivation refers to growing plants and/or animals in soil to harvest, harvest and distribute medicinal plants or animals. Typically, the cultivation process includes one or more stages: germination, seedling, bud stage and growth stage. Medicinal plants grow naturally.

How do you store medicinal plants?

Make sure that your house is well ventilated to avoid mold. Place your plants in tightly closed containers that ventilate naturally. Avoid plastic bags as this dries out the plant quickly. Some of my medicinal plants are still growing after years.

What is garbling in pharmacognosy?

The term garbling is used to describe a condition when a plant’s drug or chemical constituents interact with other materials in the plant and cause undesirable side effects. Such interactions have been reported with the following drugs: digoxin.

What is Ash value?

The ash value is the percentage of elements in a non-metal that is converted to a residue upon decomposition in a muffle furnace. The ash test can also be used on non-metal samples: non-metals such as plastic, rubber, cloth, foam rubber, etc.

What is Chemotaxonomical classification?

Chemotaxonomy is the study of the chemical, physiological and ecological taxonomy of organisms. It is based on their chemical patterns that organisms use to identify each other, including their DNA and RNA. It is used to define groups based on similarities in chemical fingerprints. This approach is referred to as chemotaxonomic classification.

What is the difference between Organised and Unorganised sector?

The unorganized sector is the sector with the lowest labor cost. The cost is low because the employees have less education and are usually self-employed. They have not been trained in the latest technology and are not willing to work in a specific area.

What is adulteration of crude drugs?

ADULTERATIONS. Adulterating drugs and medicines is illegal. If drugs or medicines that have been manufactured by you or someone else contain substances that are not allowed in the drug or medicine, they are adulterated. You can be prosecuted for possession, distribution, use and other offences.

How do you classify drugs?

By definition, drugs can also be legal (controlled), illegal, and medicinal. There are also legal highs (substances used that mimic the effects of legally controlled substances but are not fully regulated in their legal status) and illegal drugs. All controlled substances have specific doses, dosages, and ways the drug can be administered.

The What does drug mean?

Drugs are substances with a physiological effect on the body that influence mood or behavior. The term is also used for synthetic and semi-synthetic drugs which mimic the action of natural substances, particularly drugs of abuse. A term used often for psychiatric drugs is psychotropic.

What is the alphabetical classification?

The alphabetical classification refers to a method of classification in which items are sorted alphabetically according to their name. Each item is assigned an alphabetical value from A to Z.

Then, how are crude drugs classified?

Crude drugs are considered complex plants that come mostly from botanical kingdoms. They are primarily used by our bodies, e.g. The most important crude drugs are derived from the animal kingdom.

What are the advantages of cultivation?

The main advantage that a garden benefits from a high nitrogen/potassium Ratio is better flowering and flowering results and thus more fruit production is possible. This gives the garden more fruit per square foot, allowing the gardener to get bigger and better sized tomatoes. This is a big advantage if all else remains the same.

What are the methods of cultivation?

Plant cultivation methods. The cultivation methods used by organic farmers cover a broad range of techniques, including traditional cultivation methods, direct seeding and direct sowing, growing in soilless cultivation, and seed priming and direct seeding in containers.

What is drug in pharmacognosy?

Pharmacognosy describes the study of drugs, their history, metabolism, toxicity, and pharmacology. Research into the chemical composition and pharmacological properties of plants (botany) as potential drugs is called pharmaco-botany. Phytochemistry is the branch of pharmacognosy that deals with the chemical constituents of plant cells, known as phytochemicals.

What is cultivation of plant?

Cultivation is the process used to grow a plant from seed to harvest. For example, sowing seeds and cultivating crops are two typical examples of growing a plant from its seeds. The term can also be used with plants in their natural environment at any stage.

Who coined the term pharmacognosy?

In his book De Plantis, known as The Book of Plants, Theophrastus of Eresus (285 BC-212 BC) and in his treatises the Historia Naturalis and Historia Plantarum, he was known as the ‘father of pharmacognosy’, the description and use of plants for medicine.

What are the different steps in the preparation of crude drugs?


In Chinese herbology, the three stages of processing are called the crushing, rubbing and soaking stages. If the herb is too coarse, you have to cut it up. If it’s too fine, you have to wash it and then grind it. There’s no such thing as a “crude” drug.

What is organoleptic drug evaluation?

The purpose of the OLE in pharmaceutical development is to provide an early indication of a product’s acceptability to the end-user. According to USP, good OLE values include: a) Taste and texture perception – taste, texture, or mouth feel.

Additionally, what are organized drugs?

What is a drug cartel? The term “drug cartel” refers to a group of people who control and sell illegal drugs. The most common drug cartel is the Sinaloa cartel, a drug trafficking organization led by the Mexican drug lord Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman.

What is scope of pharmacognosy?

Pharmacognosy is the science of the medical use of plants, fungi and other organisms. The term pharmacognosy (pl. pharmacognosys) was coined by Jean Baptiste Richer (1830-1905), a French physician and researcher.

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